Hot and spicy herbs that many people are addicted to, what are the benefits? Eating a lot will cause harm? Let’s solve the answer.
People who like to eat spicy must smile for sure, because today we bring you a good story of spicy chili herbs. That must have next to the kitchen in every house Which let me tell you before here that The benefits of chili are very good and help you lose weight. Build immunity Reduce blood sugar Prevent cancer And reduce the risk of heart disease But before you get to know the benefits of chili. Then we recommend that everyone understand the story of chili peppers a little bit better than before.
Chili history and history
It was recorded that chili was first discovered approximately 7,000 years ago in Central and South America. By Christopher Columbus, then the chili was grown and distributed throughout Europe. And spread all over the world Chili peppers have many different names, such as the English chili or Chili peppers, which is derived from the Spanish word chili or chile, the chili is in the Solanaceae family of Capsicum family, whose scientific name is Capsicum spp.
As for our country, we have known and used to grow chili for a long time. And there are quite a few varieties of chili in Thailand. Total of about 831 species can be divided into 3 large groups according to the type of chili peppers, including chili peppers, large chili peppers And small chili peppers
Chili’s most outstanding reputation Must be given to the subject of spicy because chili is a spice that gives a spicy taste. Because chili contains capsaicin (Capsicin), a substance that is hot. This type of passenger is distributed in every part of the chili. But the most common or most spicy part is Placenta or the filling of the chili itself. This material has a special property that can withstand heat even after the process of ripening or hot sun drying. But the chilli still has the same hotness
What are the botanical characteristics of peppers?
In general, peppers are both annuals, shrubs and small perennials, which are distributed throughout the world. And with the fact that there are many varieties of chili peppers The botanical characteristics of the chili are therefore described in most of the familiar chili peppers. Which the characteristics of the chili tree are as follows
Root: The root system of peppers contains both taproot and safflower. The taproot is very deep. The safflower will feed heavily around the plant if the chilli plant is not yet fully grown, the safflower will grow about 60 centimeters deep. The roots will spread laterally for a radius of more than 1 meter and a depth of more than 1.20 meters.
Stems and branches: Chili stems are upright, 1-2.5 feet high, with only one branch growing from the tree. Then gradually split into 2 branches, 4 branches, 8 branches, 16 branches and so on, which in the first phase, both the trunk and the branches are soft wood. But when I got older The trunk will be stronger. But the branches are soft wood that is easily brittle as before.
Leaf: a pair of cotyledons. They are flattened and slightly hairy, ranging from oval to slender shape. Each type of chili will have different sizes, such as sweet pepper leaves are quite large. Common paprika leaves are small during the seedlings. But when it is fully grown, it will be quite large.
Flower: It is a perfect sex flower. Ie there are male and female stamens within the same flower Usually found as a single flower But may be able to find several flowers at the same point By the components of the flower Consists of 5 secondary petals, 5 white petals, but some varieties may be purple. And may have 4-7 petals, 5 stamens, which differ from the base of the petals. Which the stamens are blue Separate into small, long bulbs, while the female stamens are raised higher.
Chili nutritional value you should know
The Farmer’s Manual states that 100 grams of paprika and chili peppers have the following nutritional values:
Energy 103 kcal
2.4 g fat
Carbohydrates 19.9 g
Dietary fiber 6.5 g
4.7 g protein
45 mg calcium
Phosphorus 85 mg
2.5 mg iron
Vitamin A 11,050 I.U.
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) 0.24 mg.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.29 mg.
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 2.10 mg.
Vitamin C 70 mg
Chili, good benefits of eating spicy!
1. Help you lose weight
Eating chili can help you lose weight. This is because capsaicin in peppers contains thermogenic substances, which are heat generating substances in the body. Positively affects the metabolism It stimulates the metabolism as well. Thus contributing to our weight loss faster In addition, peppers also contain ascorbic acid. That can accelerate the body’s ability to convert fat into energy A study from Japan found that eating 10 grams of chili pepper increases the metabolic rate in the body quickly and up to 30 minutes. But to eat fresh chili is 10 grams, it would not be possible. Therefore, anyone who wants to use chili to help lose weight You can try to turn to eating chili in its extract form.
It was also found that Very high in vitamin C in peppers, it can widen blood vessels in the intestines and stomach. Help the body absorb food well and make our digestive system better as well.
2. Make a good mood
Capsaicin in peppers can stimulate the brain to release endorphins. Which helps relieve pain It also reduces the production of hormones that cause stress. Helps us to have a good mood and make our blood pressure lower. Feel relaxed And have more happiness
3. Helps with appetite
In addition to the endorphins will help improve our mood. Also makes us feel that food is even more delicious In addition, chili will cause the salivary glands to work more. Until stimulating the nerve endings for the midbrain to perceive the appetite So do not be surprised at all If most people would like to eat spicy food Or feel that the food is spicy The more spicy it is, the more delicious it is to eat.
4. Relieve pain
As I mentioned earlier, capsaicin in chili peppers can stimulate the body to release endorphins. Which is a natural pain relieving substance Thus helping us feel less pain In the past, paprika was used to make compress. Or make a massage oil to relieve joint aches At present, capsaicin is used as a component of beeswax and gels. Apply to relieve pain and swelling around the skin. Including pain caused by knee ligament inflammation, relieve joint pain and body aches Including herpes and shingles as well
5. Nourish eyesight
Chili contains quite a lot of vitamin A and vitamin C. Also, the color of chili peppers, whether they are red, yellow, green, contain beta-carotene, an antioxidant that has nourishing properties and prevents macular degeneration. Even when combined with vitamin A and vitamin C in chili peppers It is considered that chili is a food that helps nourish the eyes as well as one anyway. But to get vitamin A and vitamin C from the chili. You should eat fresh, uncooked peppers. Therefore, you should choose to eat chili peppers that are less spicy, such as bell peppers, sweet peppers, or someone who eats spicy very well will eat the chili peel in papaya salad. This one is convenient.
6. Helps clear the nose. Easier breathing
You will notice that when we eat chili for a while, there will be a runny nose and watery eyes, that is because the spicy flavor and the heat generating substances in the chili will help reduce the amount of mucus. And obstructions in the respiratory tract Clear the nose Reduce stuffy nose Help breathing easier It also relieves a cough. Dissolves thick mucus Helps to expel the mucus easily as well. Therefore, people with respiratory problems including asthma, allergies, sinus and bronchitis. We recommend eating chili on a regular basis. But be careful not to eat too much spicy. Otherwise, gastric irritation may occur.
7. Strengthen immunity.
Chili is very high in vitamin A and vitamin C. It is well known that vitamin A and vitamin C are essential nutrients for the immune system and help prevent the common cold. Plus, chili contains beta-carotene and antioxidants that help strengthen the immune system in our body to be stronger as well.
8. Reduce blood sugar
Studies have shown that Capsaicin in peppers can inhibit the absorption of glucose. In this trial, 10 postmenopausal women drink 75 grams of glucose and then draw blood and collect data before and after drinking at 15 minutes, 30 minutes, and 60 minutes, while the following day drinking the same glucose. But added to eating chili, which was found that the blood sugar level of eating chili with The level is about 20% lower than the day that does not eat, which concludes that chili is likely to help lower blood sugar levels.
9. Helps the circulatory system better.
Did you know that eating chili peppers on a regular basis helps the circulatory system better? Because capsaicin can inhibit the constriction of blood vessels. Dilate blood vessels Blood supply to the organs as well as in peppers also contain beta-carotene and vitamin C. That enhances the elongation of the vascular wall to accommodate various pressures appropriately And helps strengthen the vascular walls Can reduce the symptoms of clogged arteries and narrowed arteries.
10. Controls Cholesterol
A research study showed that patients with high blood cholesterol consume 5 grams of paprika with a normal diet for 4 weeks and then compare the results with patients who did not eat chili. Which from the experiment showed that The patients who ate chili had stable bad cholesterol (LDL) but increased good cholesterol (HDL), while the patients who did not eat chili at all. Have higher total cholesterol levels Therefore, it can be concluded that eating chili can help stabilize bad cholesterol levels and increase good cholesterol.
In addition, research has shown that Capsaicin has properties that help stop the body from making bad cholesterol. While helping the body to increase good cholesterol Causing us to have lower triglycerides as well
11. Prevent anemia
Anemia is primarily caused by iron deficiency. This is because iron is an essential element in red blood cell formation. By helping to increase the production of red blood cells including hemoglobin Which in peppers contain enough iron It also contains copper that helps the body absorb iron as well. It also contains folic acid that helps strengthen red blood cells, so chili is considered another food that can help prevent anemia.
12. Reduce the risk of cancer.
Did you know that vitamin C in peppers has the ability to inhibit the production of nitrosamines. Which is a carcinogen in the digestive system It also helps build collagen. Which is a protein that stops the spread of cancer cells Which we had previously told that Chili is very high in vitamin C. Therefore, eating chili can help reduce the risk of cancer. Moreover, chili contains beta carotene. It is well known that beta carotene is an antioxidant. Can reduce the rate of cell mutation And help destroy cancer cells Especially lung cancer and oral cancer.
13. Reduce the risk of heart disease.
Just eating chili can help reduce the risk of heart disease down. Because chili will help reduce the clustering of platelets. Help dissolve blood clots Causing the blood to not clot Until clogged arteries Not only Because, as we said, eating chili can help control cholesterol levels. By preventing the liver from making bad cholesterol Resulting in lower triglycerides Thus affecting the heart and health Therefore, if we eat chili on a regular basis, it will reduce the risk of heart disease, it is fairly
Chili’s bad penalty to be careful.
Capsaicin in chili peppers has an irritating effect on the tissues. Therefore, in people who eat chili (very spicy) may cause irritation from the tissues in the mouth. Including the entire digestive system Both stomach and intestines Which may cause a burning sensation Stimulates gastric acid production Including may cause diarrhea Therefore, people with gastritis should not eat chili or eat very spicy.
People with easy choking symptoms, such as children and the elderly, should also avoid eating chili peppers. Because if the chili pepper is choked into the trachea The acid in peppers may bite the trachea. It causes bronchospasm, narrowing, swelling, suffocation, which can be life threatening.
How to get revenge from chili
Did you notice that drinking plain water does not help us lose much of the spicyness? The reason is because capsaicin is insoluble in water. But will dissolve in aqueous solutions such as alcohol, ether and fat. It’s not good to drink alcohol to get revenge. We therefore guide other options to help retaliate from chili as follows.
– Drink milk: Drinking milk can cure it. Because milk contains milk protein (casein) and fat that help dissolve capsaicin well.
-Drinking lemon juice: The capsaicin in chili is alkaline. But lemon juice is acidic. So when we drink the lemon juice into it Thus helping to alleviate the spiciness
– Eat olive oil: Souring or chewing fat-coated foods will help dissolve capsaicin.
– Add a diluted salt water: If doing any method doesn’t get spicy, bring a little salt to dissolve in the water. And stay for a while Ensure that the salty taste of salt will help the spicy symptoms disappear.
We will also notice that many spicy Thai dishes often contain coconut milk. This is also considered to be the wisdom of Thai people who use the oil from coconut milk to quench the spiciness of the chili itself.
The benefits of this chili. People who like to eat spicy will definitely smile on their cheeks, but be careful not to eat too spicy. There is a risk of tissue irritation and stomach irritation due to the spicy flavor of the chili. Oh! And if anyone is interested in trying to grow chili for your own home. It can be easily done as follows.