Many of you may have encountered this problem, right?… Often when choosing to buy flowers from the shop, when brought back to grow at home, it will wilt over time every time. In addition, for a long time, there are still no new flowers coming out to admire.
Until many people start to feel discouraged, move to plant leaves instead, but not that our beautiful garden will be completely lacking in color. Today we have a technique to take care of flowers to leave a beautiful bloom. Try to apply it together.
Flowering Plants are plants that bloom colorful or fragrant. It is commonly used to decorate gardens or places. For beauty or auspiciousness It can be classified according to the nature of plants in 4 types:
1. Flowering Herb
It is a flower plant that is most commonly used as an ornamental plant. Because it is easy to grow Fast growing Popular with seeds But most of the time, when the tree has bloomed, it will wither, such as a kite, zinnia crest, but in some species, if you take care of trimming, it may produce new leaves and bloom, such as the white mask.
2. Flowering Shrub
It is a hardwood flower plant, not more than 6 meters high, looks like a bush, branching near the base, not high from the ground. When flowering can Can grow and bloom again, such as hydrangea, hibiscus, azalea, rachawadee
Is a flower plant that must either lean on to other things or creep along the ground. If they live for many years, they are called perennial vines, such as Puangkram Soi Inthanin, Anchan, but if they are short-lived vines. It is called a biennial vine, such as placenta, morning glory.
4. Flowering Tree that is perennial.
It is a hardwood flower. The diameter of the trunk is larger than that of the shrub and is more than 6 meters in height. Long life, such as Frangipani, Pradu, Ratchaphruek times, Cordia, Pikul, Chamchuri, Asoke, Nam.
How to make flowers bloom
There are varieties of flowers that bloom throughout the year and bloom according to the season. Most tend to bloom after the winter has passed. Around the end of January to February because the winter is dry, less humidity, the day is shorter than the night. Trees therefore have less photosynthesis. Causes the leaves and some food that accumulates at the apex is not used. After winter, this accumulation of food will cause the plants to sprout and bloom, and off-season flowering can be done as well. By deceiving nature, such as water fasting, accelerating the drug to make flowering
Factors in flowering, accelerating flowers
Choose plants that are suitable for the climate of Thailand, such as tropical flower plants. Because it is easy to maintain Grow well, such as marigolds, zinnia, chicken, starburst, or may choose to plant winter flowers that can be adapted to tolerate heat such as phantom species, Telstar (Telstar), etc., where the winter flowering plants have a way Planting is the same as for most flower plants, both seed and care, but may differ only at air temperature.
The planting area should be surveyed to suit the type of tree to be planted. Including the amount of sunlight, humidity, and ventilation Which if the environment is good, it will make the trees planted beautiful flowering Most of the flowers tend to like the sun. But if the sun gets too much or too little, it may lengthen the stems. The flowers are faded or not able to bloom. We can fix this by changing the planting location or optimizing the environment, such as planting large trees to provide shade and moisture retention, or increasing the amount of watering to reduce heat.
Most flowering plants should be pruned or cut to allow new branches to form a tight canopy. Reduce the height of the plant And more flower buds were born This can be done by using hands to pick the tip of the plant in the morning while the plant tissues are still succulent. Makes it easier to pick branches than late or afternoon. And should hurry to cool the tops when the first flowers begin to sprinkle or be damaged In order not to compete for nutrients from the stems and other perfect flowers.
The growth phase of flower plants is divided into 2 stages, each of which has different nutrient requirements. In the beginning, it is the growth of the tree should focus on the maintenance of the tree and leaves. The elemental formula may always be 15 – 15 – 15 or 16 – 16 – 16 to complete the tree. In the later stages of the growth of flowers should focus on phosphorus (P) to aid in the accumulation of flower buds and should reduce nitrogen (N) because if too much nitrogen will cause the stems to become plump. And not flowering for fertilization methods It is popular to use phosphate fertilizers or phosphate rock, ground or bottom holes before planting. For flowering plants over a year old, such as roses, gerbera, or put as a strip between the planting grooves. For planted flower plants such as chrysanthemums and marigolds, occasional foliar sprays may be applied in conjunction with pesticide and pesticide spray applications.
The water content affects the absorption of nutrients from the soil. Even during flowering If the plant receives too much water and nutrients, it may not produce the desired flowering. Therefore, during the period before flowering, the water may be stopped for about 9-15 days in order to prevent the roots from absorbing nitrogen elements after the flowers begin to bloom, so they begin to water again. To help prolong the flower life Or in some cases, for example, if the flowers are large and have a lot of dehydration, more watering may be required. And should not be watered on the flowers, as this will cause the flowers to bruise or rot.
6.Diseases and pests
Beautiful flowers are paired with insects. Insects are also a major carrier of spreading certain pathogens that may be attached to their organs from the disease plant to others. The problem is often found with fungal, bacterial and viral infections such as leaf spot, blight, distorted flower shape, rot or abnormal results from other causes such as parasitic contagion that ingests nutrients on the branches, resulting in no flowers. Or there is an abnormality in the flower